Foresight Update 53
A publication of the Foresight Institute
by Judy Conner
Money, blogs, debate, lots of nano-noise and news
Since my last column there has been a lot of activity in the media concerning nanotechnology; $3.7 billion of US federal funds are slated for nanotechnology research, Drs. Eric Drexler and Richard Smalley's ongoing debate about MNT went public with the associated coverage, and the increasing influence of blogs in disseminating news.
$3.7 Billion is a big number
On December 3, 2003 President Bush signed the 21st Century Nanotechnology Research and Development Act. The $3.7 billion appropriation of this act will be divided among eight government agencies: National Science Foundation (NSF), Department of Energy (DOE), National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), Department of Justice (DOJ), Department of Transportation (DOT) and the Department of Agriculture (DOA).
There seemed to be two types of analysis in the media in response to this act.
1. Where does this infusion of dollars stack the United States in the global nanotech race, and who is going to get this funding?
In the November 28, 2003 issue of Silicon Valley Biz Ink an article by Rhonda Ascierto titled "Nanotech bill means big money for small science" it is pointed out that much of this money will be spent in the education realm for specialized facilities, equipment and employees.
Andy Watson, vice president of Hayward-based Quantum Dot Corporation, is quoted as saying "Typically a lot of the early nanotech work is done at universities that really can't commercialize these technologies. We can take these projects out of the lab and into the market."
In the December 5, 2003 issue of the Silicon Valley Biz Ink, Mark Thomas of Fremont said in a letter to the editor.
"I wish the $3.7 billion National Nanotechnology Program were good news for small biz, but the truth of the matter is this is an extension of corporate welfare by IBM and others squeezing even harder the small guy from bringing new tech to market. Taiwan is spending $30 billion (on nanotech). Just a little island that sees the future."
2. These funds are not going to be used to support long-term molecular nanotechnology (MNT) research efforts.
In the December 2, 2003 web posting of US News & Report, James M. Pethokoukis wrote, in an article titled "The government says 'no' to federally funded nanobots."
MNT debate and fence sitting
The MNT debate between Drs. Richard Smalley and K. Eric Drexler was featured in the December 1, 2003, Chemical & Engineering News (C&EN), the leading weekly publication for chemists published by the American Chemical Society.
In her column, C&EN editor-in chief Madeline Jacobs mentions "One of our advisors suggested that we tackle controversial topics by finding people on opposing sides of the argument and presenting the exchange between them for C&EN readers."
The publication certainly accomplished what it planned with this Point/Counterpoint column. The debate was lively, maybe too personal on both sides, but it certainly invigorated the MNT discussion.
In the debate, Dr. Smalley dropped his previous insistence that MNT would required "magic fingers," but then said it would require enzymes and therefore water as a solvent. As pointed out on the webpages below, this is incorrect—enzymes have long been known to operate outside water or even in the vapor phase.
It is now common for nanotechnology trackers, supporters and researchers to think about MNT and where this technology will go. There is a lot of fence sitting, and too many "nanobot" references, but this important debate should be continued and kept alive.
TNT Weekly, a free Enewsletter distributed by Cientifica covered the debate in the December 9, 2003 issue. This Enewsletter is a round up of what's happening in the world of nanotechnology.
The fence sitting is best illustrated in an article, "Yes, They Can! No, They Can't: Charges Flying Nanobot Debate," in the New York Times, December 9, 2003 issue, by Kenneth Chang.
Blogs are changing how media works
Three years ago, I heard Dan Gillmor, a San Jose Mercury News columnist and Foresight Institute Senior Associate, speak about blogs and how they are transforming the dissemination of news and opinions. He is currently writing a book, Making the news; what happens to journalist and society when every reader can be a writer. http://weblog.siliconvalley.com/column/dangillmor/
One of the more important points made by Gillmor is that news is becoming more interactive with the advent of blogs. It is no longer a one-way communication model.
This recently held true with the coverage of the MNT debate in two leading blogs.
Instapundit.com, a leading blog which tracks nanotechnology among other things, is written by Glenn Harlan Reynolds, a law professor at the University of Tennessee and member of the Foresight Board of Directors. He writes various law review articles, opeds, and other essays on technology and freedom. On December 8, 2003 Instapundit.com commented on the MNT debate.
Another blog with increasing influence is Howard Lovy's NanoBot blog, which has proven to be an interactive venue for the MNT debate and location of somewhat irreverent comments as well. Lovy is also News Editor at the equally influential Small Times magazine, but the content is quite different. Lovy probably defines this best on a December 7, 2003 blog posting.
Howard Lovy's NanoBot Dec. 1, 2003 coverage of the Drexler/Smalley debate in C&EN: Clash of the Nanotech Titans
Jurvetson named 2003 Advocate of the Year, attends bill signing with Von Ehr
Senior Associate Steve Jurvetson, a leading venture capitalist in nanotechnology and favorite speaker at Foresight conferences, has been named 2003 Advocate of the Year by Small Times magazine: "he is nevertheless one of a small group of VCs happy to associate with the sector's most far-thinking members. He is hardly averse to being quoted speaking of nanobots floating in human bloodstreams and other scenarios considered way too long-term for VC involvement." Steve's vision shows in his proposal for the NNI Grand Challenge: "Whether conceptualized as a universal assembler, a nanoforge, or a matter compiler, I think the 'moon-shot' goal for 2025 should be the realization of the digital control of matter, and all of the ancillary industries, capabilities, and learning that would engender."
Steve, who first met Foresight chair Eric Drexler when taking his nanotech class at Stanford, was present at the White House for the nanotech bill signing ceremony (see http://www.dfj.com/files/steve_ovaloffice.html?id=1472_0_1_0_C). In the photo, Steve is fourth from the left; Senior Associate Jim Von Ehr, cofounder of the Foresight Institute Feynman Grand Prize and CEO of Zyvex, is second from right.
Judy Conner is the Public Service Communications Manager at Foresight Institute. She can be reached at email@example.com.
Environmental, Bioethics, and Legal Experts Join Foresight Institute's Board of Advisors
Foresight Institute has appointed Lawrence Lessig, intellectual property law expert at Stanford University; Amory B. Lovins, environmental technology leader from Rocky Mountain Institute; and C. Christopher Hook, MD, a Mayo clinic bioethicist to their Board of Advisors.
"Foresight Institute was founded to guide society in managing the ethical, environmental and legal issues raised by molecular nanotechnology and its future capabilities," said Christine Peterson, President, Foresight Institute. "Having these leaders in their respective fields advising us should make a big difference in our efforts to maximize and spread the benefits of molecular nanotechnology, and to minimize potential drawbacks."
Amory B. Lovins, Chief Executive Officer of Rocky Mountain Institute, is a consultant and experimental physicist educated at Harvard and Oxford. He has received an Oxford MA (by virtue of being a don), eight honorary doctorates, a MacArthur Fellowship, the Heinz, Lindbergh, Right Livelihood ("Alternative Nobel"), World Technology, and Time Hero for the Planet awards. His work focuses on transforming the automobile, real estate, electricity, water, semiconductor, and several other manufacturing sectors toward advanced resource productivity.
Lawrence Lessig is a Professor of Law at Stanford University and founder of the school's Center for Internet and Society. Prior to joining the Stanford faculty, he was the Berkman Professor of Law at Harvard University. Lessig was also a fellow at Wissenschaftskollege zu Brelin, and a Professor at the University of Chicago Law. He is author of The Future of Ideas: Fate of the Commons in the Connected World and Code and Other Laws of Cyberspace. More recently, Lessig represented web site operator Eric Eldred before the U.S. Supreme Court in the groundbreaking case Eldred v. Ashcroft, a challenge to the 1998 Sonny Bono Copyright Extension Act.
C. Christopher Hook, M.D., is Chair of the Mayo Clinical Ethics Council and Director of Ethics Education, Mayo Graduate School of Medicine in Rochester. Following medical school at the University of Illinois College of Medicine at Peoria, he completed training programs in Internal Medicine, Hematology, and Medical Oncology at the Mayo Graduate School of Medicine, and is Board Certified in all three areas by the American Board of Internal Medicine. He then joined the staff in the Department of Hematology/Oncology at the Mayo Clinic Jacksonville. He has been instrumental in founding several bioethics forums and created the Mayo Medical Center Ethics Consultation Service, the Reproductive Medicine Advisory Board, the DNA Research Committee, and the Mayo Clinical Ethics Council, the last three of which he still chairs. He is presently putting together the Transplantation Ethics Advisory Board for Mayo.
The new advisors will join a stellar group including Stewart Brand, Global Business Network; Jamie Dinkelacker, Ph.D., Advisor to NanoBusiness Alliance; Doug Engelbart, Ph.D., Bootstrap Institute; John Gilmore, Electronic Frontier Foundation; Prof. Arthur Kantrowitz, Dartmouth College; Ray Kurzweil, Kurzweil Technologies; Prof. Marvin Minksy, MIT; and Peter Schwartz, Global Business Network.
Special thanks this time go to our new Advisors: Christopher Hook, Lawrence Lessig, and Amory Lovins—and to current Advisors who recommended them, Stewart Brand and John Gilmore.
Additional special thanks go to Stephan Spencer of Netconcepts, who donated the design of our new website, to Ben Harper and Jim Lewis for their work on the new site, and to John Bashinski for the Senior Associate website.
Yet more special thanks go to the chairs for our 2003 research conference: James Spencer, Chris Gorman, and tutorial chair Hicham Fenniri. Jim has served three years and is now stepping down, while Steve Zimmerman joins the team as tutorial chair for 2004. Thanks to all speakers, to VC Panel chair Ed Niehaus and Student Coordinator Jordan Amadio, to Senior Associates Emanuel Barros, Rochelle Fuller, Dave Krieger, and Eric Messick for assisting at the meeting, and to volunteers Ralph Dias, Joanna Laznicka, Matthew Karpinski, and Norma Peterson.
This year's Prizes were underwritten by the following wonderful people: Marc Arnold and Jim Von Ehr (Feynman); the law firm Millstein & Taylor (Communication); and James Ellenbogen, Ravi Pandya, and—again—Jim Von Ehr (Student). Thanks to all who served as Prize judges this year, and to Prize Coordinator David Black, who did a super job.
Immense thanks to Senior Associate Rochelle Fuller, who has been volunteering as our office administrator. She has just accepted a new full-time position, so this volunteer job is open again.
Also playing a key volunteer role is Senior Associate Brian Wang, who has been helping us strategize our plans for 2004 and beyond. Expect to see his name frequently.
Our fond appreciation goes to Senior Associate Chris Cooper and Jeff Tang for hosting a key Foresight meeting in their home, with delicious cuisine. Thanks to Senior Associate Steve Burgess of BurgessForensics.com, for donating his services to recover needed data off ancient media.
Thanks to all those who invited Foresight personnel to lecture, including Christina Desser (EGA), Andrew Zolli (Pop!Tech), Daniel Hamilton (Brussels), and Jonathan Robin (Paris).
As always, ongoing thanks to all those who send information to Foresight, especially those who are able to submit that info to Nanodot.org in the preferred format—this is greatly appreciated.
— Christine Peterson, President, Foresight Institute
From Foresight Update 53, originally published 15 January 2004.
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