Philipp is a professor in social science genetics at the La Follette School of Public Affairs at the University of Wisconsin Madison and also hold an appointment at the Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam at the Department of Economics. His research investigates how genes influence economic behavior, and how insights into the genetic architecture of behavioral outcomes can inform social and medical research. Some of his work also explores how the brain mediates relationships between genes and human behavior. He is the one of the principal investigators and co-founders of the Social Science Genetic Association Consortium (SSGAC), the BIG BEAR Consortium, and the Externalizing Consortium. Philipp is a co-founder of DeSci Labs and President of the DeSci Foundation.