Positive Sum Thinking is the idea that underlies the attempts at restructuring the world from a pyramidal society with oligarchs at the top to a diamond shaped society with a robust middle class and merit based upward mobility.
Each attempt (Periclean Athens, Da Vinci’s Florence, etc) was met with an intense immune response from the oligarchs at the top.
This group discusses one of Fermi’s great filters: the idea of “small kills all”, or technology allowing relatively small groups to cause massive damage to society.
I’ve spoken of this regularly at some of the protector caste agencies (who ask sci-fi authors to scare them, which always works).
Chinese intellectuals say the “small kills all” idea is why the pyramid-shaped society is necessary, to catch and prevent these problems from occurring.
If you look across history, these societies are stable and work with human reproductive patterns, but are always “stupid”.
The idea is that you need centralized control or you won’t’ catch the anomalies that kill everyone.
China’s is smarter than other pyramidal systems, but still inherently stupid.
What you have as an alternative to the pyramid model is Reciprocal Accountability, the basic notion that underlies the basic enlightenment experiment.
The rare Periclean alternatives are unstable. But until that happens, they are spectacularly more creative and free (and fun) and good at innovation, productivity and error correction.
90% of our error detection systems are flat and reciprocal, this is how progress gets made, not by declarations from the top.
We have to open up cooperation, but it’s joined at the hip with competition. We can’t get proper competition without cooperation, and you can’t get cooperation without (bounded) competitive dynamics.
“the self-preventing prophecy”
The great benefit of the Enlightenment is not democracy and freedom: those are tools we use to get to the real thing, reciprocal accountability.
While we viscerally fear big brother individually, the biggest reason to combat it is that history shows that these systems are stupid. Even Orwell’s Oceania with all the control they had couldn’t govern well!
The key is to replace surveillance with sousveillance: transparency aimed upward at the elites, stripping them naked and enforcing accountability.
If we can do that we will be immune to big brother, but we will be at risk of the second tier problem: social self-oppression.
Replacing oligarchy with a 51% majority that openly and honestly votes for suppression of the 49% isn’t an improvement.
The answer to this is cultural.
If you have a culture that detects everything, but the least liked behavior is nosiness, then those who say “mind your own business” will be empowered, and those who say “you’re not conforming!” are pounced on as bullies. This solves the secondary failure mode.