John Karcz, a physicist at the Ames Research Center, is discussing the progress of space in the near and long term at the Foresight Space Workshop ’23. He highlights the benefits of new commercial capabilities for space science, which expand scientific goals. Science also aids the development of commercial capabilities, as improving scientific capabilities can drive improvement in the private sector. Karcz suggests that government agencies should design programs that advance both science and private sector activity without creating accidental barriers. Furthermore, scientists should actively explore how to exploit new commercial capabilities and companies should consider the scientific applications of their work. Examples include the Commercial Lunar Payload Services Program and the use of commercial capabilities for science in orbit.